Hygiene and Sanitation Project
As a post-conflict society Somaliland has high unemployment, stress, and women have limited autonomy especially if illiterate, little socio-economic or political power, they may have no money of their own health needs are often neglected. They may be subject to sexual and gender-based violence. FGM and HTP’s continue to be practised with immediate and long-term health and psychosocial impact on girls, children and women.
High maternal and prenatal mortality and morbidity rates continue, with a maternal mortality ratio of over 1,100 per 100,000 live births (DFID 2008), high rates of obstructed labour, fistulae, infection, haemorrhage, and eclampsia unsafe or neglected abortion. Children’s death rates have improved slowly although 142 per 1000 still die before the age of five (UNICEF 2009) many as neonates. Because of a large number of peoples are displaced internally, they don’t have accessed for necessities, therefore, this project was designed and developed to address key issues related to health, sanitation and hygiene. This includes adopting good hygiene and sanitation practices by distributing sanitation tools and hygiene kits, community awareness about communicable diseases, HIV/AIDs, Gender and improving access to clean and safe water by providing portable water storage facilities.
Project Target Location
The project was implemented in Ayaha 1.B after conducted a needs assessment in various IDP settlements in Hargeisa with the involvement of department of IDP of Ministry of Rehabilitation, Reconstruction and Resettlement. This IDP locates in the southern bank of Hargeisa and 3 km west direction of Hargeisa Airport.
Establishment of Community Committee
Community mobilization was conducted in the IDP with the aim of creating new management committee who also act as hygiene promotion volunteers. Committee selection criteria were developed to ensure they are gender sensitive, being almost literate and having competencies to implement community action plans. 13 members of which 7 are female were selected and committee structure was developed including each members role and job description such as chairperson, deputy chairperson, treasurer and secretary.
Hygiene Promotion and Health Training for community management committee
To improve hygiene promotion practices and communicable diseases in the target IDP settlement and build their resilience, a three-day long participatory hygiene and sanitation transformation training –PHAST- have been conducted for 13 (7 female) members of community management committee. During training, community committee has sufficiently conceptualized the PHAST approach including its process, steps, improving hygiene behaviour, planning changes, community health problems and analysis, prevention of diarrheal and communicable diseases and evaluations.
Community Action Plan – CAP- was developed in participatory approach together with community and Ministry of Rehabilitation and Reconstructions. HIV/AIDs sessions have also been delivered in the last training days.
To increase awareness of the community to adopt better hygiene practices and communicable diseases among the community, an IEC material of 100 stickers and 50 brochures carrying important awareness messages related to hygiene promotion, HIV/AIDs, gender and health have been printed and distributed not only the IDP but also among other IDP settlements.